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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 121-126

Cupping, the past and present application


1 International Education College, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China
2 International Education College, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China; Department of Chinese Medicine, Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, International Medical University, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Shih Chau Ng
Lecturer, International Medical University, 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_37_18

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Cupping is a therapy in which a cup is applied to the skin surface to cause local congestion through negative pressure. It has a long history in many places such as China, Greece, Egypt, and the Middle East. The ancient Chinese used animal horns as their cupping instrument, whereas in modern days there are a wide variety of choices ranging from bamboo cup to glass cup. Cupping is simple, inexpensive and yet has wide indications. Research has shown that it can promote blood circulation, stimulate nerve and muscle functions. In terms of application methods, fire cupping, liquid cupping and vaccum cupping were discussed. The five application techniques (flashing, retaining, moving, needle retention and bleeding) and precautions of cupping are also discussed in detail. Lastly, pathological reactions observed during the cupping process can be used to support Chinese Medicine diagnosis.


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