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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 135-137

Medical relics related to Li Shizhen collected in Shanghai Museum Of Traditional Chinese Medicine


Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China

Date of Web Publication8-Jan-2019

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Hong Qin
Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_39_18

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  Abstract 


This article introduces various editions of Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica) and displays or collects in the Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), along with many other works on the study of Li Shizhen. Li Shizhen is not only a distinguished physician and pharmacist in the Ming dynasty of China but also a great scientist in human history. The most prominent contribution Li had made was sorting and developing the traditional Chinese herbal medicine, with the compilation of Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica), which represented the highest level of pharmaceutical development of TCM from a new starting line.

Keywords: Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica), Li Shizhen, traditional herbal medicine


How to cite this article:
Qin H, Han J, Quan J. Medical relics related to Li Shizhen collected in Shanghai Museum Of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Chin Med Cult 2018;1:135-7

How to cite this URL:
Qin H, Han J, Quan J. Medical relics related to Li Shizhen collected in Shanghai Museum Of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Chin Med Cult [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Mar 23];1:135-7. Available from: http://www.cmaconweb.org/text.asp?2018/1/3/135/249584





Li Shizhen was not only a distinguished physician and pharmacist in the Ming dynasty of China but also a great scientist in human history. According to the famous British scholar of Joseph Needham, Li was of equal importance in the world history of science and technology compared with Galileo and Vesalius.

The most prominent contribution Li had made was sorting and developing the traditional Chinese herbal medicine, with the compilation of Ben Cao Gang Mu, which represented the highest level of pharmaceutical development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) from a new starting line. Li Shizhen had dedicated his entire life to the masterwork. Since he was determined to write it as a young man, he had defied fame and wealth and endured hardships of life, spending 27 years (1552–1578 A.D.) in compiling the book. It enrolled 1892 kinds of medicines, 374 of which were newly recorded, with 11,096 items of formulas and 1109 pieces of illustrations.[1]

Since its completion, Ben Cao Gang Mu has received widespread attention both at home and abroad. New editions appeared every 5–6 years on average. There have been >100 editions up till now, with several hundred of simplified, adapted, and deduced versions, translated into Japanese, Korean, English, Russian, German, and French, influencing the dissemination of TCM around the world profoundly. It was rarely seen in human history of cultural exchange. The work has bridged the boundaries of regions and races, making tremendous contributions to the health of all humankind, and thus treasured as Chinese pride.

Various editions of Ben Cao Gang Mu are displayed or collected in the Shanghai Museum of TCM, along with many other works on the study of Li Shizhen. Some of the books related will be introduced as follows.

  1. Qian Weiqi Block-printed edition, in the 13th of Chongzhen (1640 A.D.) [Figure 1]


  2. It was published by Liu You Tang (Liu You Bookstore) owned by Qian Weiqi, so it was also called the Liu You Tang edition.[2]

  3. Jie Zi Garden edition, in the 13th of Shunzhi (1656 A.D.) of Qing dynasty [Figure 2]
  4. Zhang Chaolin edition, in the 13th of Shunzhi (1656 A.D.) [Figure 3]
  5. Shu Ye Tang edition, in the 48th of Qianlong (1783 A.D.) [Figure 4]
  6. Zeng Guang Ben Cao Gang Mu (Augmented Compendium of Materia Medica), in the 20th of Guangxv (1894 A.D.) [Figure 5]
  7. Qi Zhou Record, in the 8th of Guangxv (1882 A.D.), which contained the record of Li's family and the Si Xian Fang (Archway) [Figure 6]
  8. Collection of Bai mao Tang by Gu Jingxing of Qing dynasty, printed in the 28th of Guangxv (1902 A.D.) [Figure 7]


  9. On the title page of the book which was recorded, it was first printed in 1684, and reprinted in the 37th of Kangxi (1698 A.D.) and Ren Yin Year (28th) of Guangxv.

    Among the literature of Li Shizhen's study, the Biography of Li Shizhen Zhuan in the Collection of Bai mao Tang by Gu Jingxing in late Ming and early Qing dynasties was relatively credible. Gu Jingxing (1621–1687 A.D.), with courtesy name of Chifang and art name of Huang Gong, was born in a family of scholars for generations in Qi Zhou. In honor of Li Shizhen, his fellow townsmen worshipped him, his first son of Jianzhong and third son of Jianmu, and his grandson of Shuchu in the ancestral hall. In the Jia Zi Year (1624 A.D.) of Tianqi (Xi Emperor of Ming), the Si Xian Fang (Four Sage Memorial Archway) was built, which was reconstructed in the Yi Si Year of Guangxv (1905 A.D.). Gu Jingxing wrote the biography for the Li family, which was documented in the 38th volume of Collection of Bai mao Tang Poems and Essays.[3]

  10. Tou Zhu Guo Yi Ben Cao Gang Mu (First Annotated Japanese Translation of Compendium of Materia Medica) of Chun Yang Tang edition in Tokyo in the 6th of Zhaohe (1931 A.D.) [Figure 8]


  11. The 15-Volume hardcover printing copy of Tou Zhu Guo Yi Ben Cao Gang Mu (First Annotated Japanese Translation of Compendium of Materia Medica) was published by Chun Yang Tang in 1934, which used the Jin Ling edition of Ben Cao Gang Mu as a master copy, and translated the full text into modern Japanese, with annotation and indexes. Famous experts such as Kobayashi Kotaro, Suzuki Zhenhai participated in the translation and annotation of the book.[4]

  12. Medicinal Plants and Crude Medicines in China and the Significance of Standardized Work of Chinese Herbal Medicine--Compendium of Materia Medica, German edition [Figure 9]
Figure 1: Qian Weiqi Block-printed edition, in the 13th of Chongzhen (1640 A.D.)

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Figure 2: Jie Zi Garden edition, in the 13th of Shunzhi (1656 A.D.) of Qing dynasty

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Figure 3: Zhang Chaolin edition, in the 13th of Shunzhi (1656 A.D.)

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Figure 4: Shu Ye Tang edition, in the 48th of Qianlong (1783 A.D.)

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Figure 5: Zeng Guang Ben Cao Gang Mu (Augmented Compendium of Materia Medica), in the 20th of Guangxv (1894 A.D.)

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Figure 6: Qi Zhou Record, in the 8th of Guangxv (1882 A.D.), which contained the record of Li's family and the Si Xian Fang (Archway)

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Figure 7: Collection of Bai mao Tang by Gu Jingxing of Qing dynasty, printed in the 28th of Guangxv (1902 A.D.)

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Figure 8: Tou Zhu Guo Yi Ben Cao Gang Mu (First Annotated Japanese Translation of Compendium of Materia Medica) of Chun Yang Tang edition in Tokyo in the 6th of Zhaohe (1931 A.D.)

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Figure 9: Medicinal Plants and Crude Medicines in China and the Significance of Standardized Work of Chinese Herbal Medicine-Compendium of Materia Medica, German edition

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It was co-authored by Alfred Mosley and Gottfried Schramm and published in Berlin in 1955, which elaborated the contents of Ben Cao Gang Mu and its scientific significance.[5]

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Chaochen Q, Changlu W. Corpus of Researches on Li Shizhen. Beijing: Publishing House of Ancient Chinese Medical Books; 2003;1:6.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Collection Treasures of Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Press; 2013;4:152.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Mingbang T. Critical Biography of Li Shenzhen. Nanjing: Nanjing University Press; 2011. p. 41.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Chaochen Q, Changlu W. Corpus of Researches on Li Shizhen. Beijing: Publishing House of Ancient Chinese Medical Books. 2003;1:50.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Chaochen Q, Changlu W. Corpus of Researches on Li Shizhen. Beijing: Publishing House of Ancient Chinese Medical Books;2003;1:67.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6], [Figure 7], [Figure 8], [Figure 9]



 

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