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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 95-98

Treatment Effects of Acupuncture and Calligraphy Training on Cognitive Abilities in Senile Demented Patients

1 Department of Psychology, University of Hong Kong, HKSAR; Calligraphy Therapy Research Laboratory, Shenzhen Institute of Neuroscience, Shenzhen, China
2 Institute of Psychology and Genetics of Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China
3 School of Acupuncture and Tuina, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China
4 Department of Medicine, Shanxi Medical College for Continuing Education; Beijing Tong Ren Tang Chinese Medicine Clinic, Beijing Tong Ren Tang Taiyuan Chinese Medicine Hospital, Beijing, China
5 Department of Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China
6 Division of Research Advocacy, 21st Century Education Research Institute, Beijing, China
7 Department of Psychology, University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, China
8 Department of Psychology and Geography, University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, China
9 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Henry S. R Kao
University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_18_19

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Purpose: This study compared the relative effectiveness of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) and acupuncture in the treatment of patients with senile dementia. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 17 mild-to-moderate dementia patients with an average age of 77.29 years were randomly assigned with 9 to the calligraphy handwriting group and 8 to the acupuncture treatment group for a month of consecutive treatment. The participants' cognitive abilities, as well as symptoms of senile dementia, were measured by the Chinese version of the Mini-mental State Examination (CMMSE) and the Chinese Medicine Quantitative Diagnostic Survey for Senile Dementia Symptoms, respectively, before and after the treatment. Results: The calligraphy group showed a significant increase in calculation and memory as well as a decline in the symptoms of senile dementia. Patients in the acupuncture group experienced a significant growth in total CMMSE scores and the subscales in orientation to time and place, behavioral operations, as well as reduced clinical symptoms. However, no significant changes were found in their memory and calculation abilities. Conclusion: Both CCH and acupuncture treatments were found significantly effective for, respectively, enhancing the patients' cognitive abilities and reducing their clinical symptoms. Further, calligraphy handwriting also improved the level of their attention and concentration, physical relaxation, and emotional stability.

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