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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-86

Taking mafei powder (麻沸散) as an example to explore the evidence of the existence of ancient anesthesia


1 Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China
2 Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine; Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, Shanghai, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Leimiao Yin
Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, Shanghai
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_11_20

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Anesthesia has a long history in China. Ancient doctors have already created a variety of anesthetic formulae for surgery and the most famous one is Mafei powder (麻沸散). However, there are a few literatures about Mafei powder and Mafei powder was not recorded at that time. This article tries to discuss the existence of Mafei powder by summarizing relevant records in ancient books such as San Guo Zhi (《三国志》 Records of The Three Kingdoms) and Hou Han Shu (《后汉书》 History of the Latter-Han Dynasty) and analyzing the anatomical, surgical, and pharmaceutical conditions at Hua Tuo's (华佗) time.


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