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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-March 2019
Volume 2 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-52

Online since Monday, March 18, 2019

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REVIEW ARTICLES  

Traditional chinese medicine in Canada: An indigenous perspective p. 1
Honoré France, Carmen Rodriguez
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_2_19  
This paper summarizes the practice of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in Canada by exploring why so many indigenous people are drawn to it. We present a brief history of TCM in Canada, including its acceptance by 5 of the 10 provinces in Canada as one of the medical approaches, accepted and regulated by the government. Chinese philosophy embedded in TCM is compared to indigenous philosophy, and there is a description of some of the plants and animals used as remedies in indigenous folk medicine. In addition, there is a short description of how TCM psychology parallels some practices in indigenous psychology.
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Life Nurturing in the illustrated daoyin of the 24 solar terms (二十四节气) p. 6
Yi Shen
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_3_19  
China's “24 Solar Terms”, known as the fifth invention after China's Four Major Inventions, is a knowledge system and social practice formed through observations of the sun's annual motion, and cognition of the year's changes in season, climate and phenology. More and more people in the world have been eager to know more about it since UNESCO inscribed China's “24 Solar Terms” on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2016. As a way of nurturing life, the Illustrated Daoyin of the 24 Solar Terms includes twenty-four exercise forms, corresponding to the 24 solar terms respectively, which reflects the significant idea of complying with the law of yin-yang changes in the universe. It presents a series of sitting and standing exercises designed to prevent diseases that occur during seasonal changes throughout the year. The ancient Chinese wisdom of time and life nurturing has been witnessed in China's “24 Solar Terms” and “Illustrated Daoyin of the 24 Solar Terms”. This article aims to arouse readers' concern and interest in life nurturing by introducing how to do all the exercises presented by the Illustrated Daoyin of the 24 Solar Terms, which is helpful to the prevention and cure of diseases as well as good for health.
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Traditional chinese medicine in Malaysia: A brief historical overview of the institutions p. 15
Shih Chau Ng, Hon Foong Wong, Wen Tien Tan, Jun Liu, Huiying Wang, Xun Lin, Si Woei Goh, Bao Ling Hoo, Chyong En Chai
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_4_19  
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in British Malaya developed concurrently with the influx of Chinese immigrants. To cater for this growing community, Chinese medical halls which sell Chinese herbs were established in major townships. Consultation and various TCM treatments were also offered by contract TCM practitioners in some of these medical halls. As the needs for TCM services continued to grow, dedicated TCM institutions were set up subsequently. The establishment of these institutions marked the beginning of professional TCM services in the history of Malaysia.
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Cultural nourishment for the development of chinese medicine p. 19
Qizhong Li
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_12_19  
Medicine, especially traditional Chinese medicine, is by no means a single level of knowledge system and operational skills, but is full of humanistic color, encompassing natural science and social science, medical theory and traditional culture. Traditional Chinese medicine is rooted in the splendid traditional culture of China, and its theoretical exploration methods and explanations are based on the historical and colorful traditional Chinese culture. This article will give advice on the irrigation and nourishment of traditional culture.
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Traditional vietnamese medicine between chinese heritage and national tradition p. 21
Anita Bui
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_13_19  
The influence of Chinese medical theory and practice on traditional Viet Nam medicine in the past is undeniable. We can discuss about a Chinese heritage. This Chinese School of Traditional Medicine has trained a large number of Vietnamese doctors. There is, however, throughout the history of medicine in Viet Nam and along with the native genius, the birth of a Vietnamese specificity. What is the part of the heritage in this tradition, what is its own distinctiveness? Hence the title of this article.
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Wang Jimin (王吉民) and History of Chinese Medicine (《中国医史》) p. 26
Lili Wang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_17_19  
Wang Jimin was not only a distinguished medical historian in modern China and an academician of the International Academy of the History of Science but also an originator of the first Museum of Chinese Medical History and of the Chinese Medical History Society. This study briefly introduces Wang's family academic history, his groundbreaking achievements in studies on medical history and the first monograph of History of Chinese Medicine (English edition) in China. It also reviews the foundation of the first Museum of Chinese Medical History.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

The silk road (丝绸之路) and sources of chinese medicine expansion: Part III – Histories p. 29
Sean Bradley
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_6_19  
Medicine and knowledge of medical practice have been exchanged along the Silk Road since antiquity. Medical texts provide the vast majority of information about the drugs, techniques, and ideas that passed from foreign lands into China and became part of Chinese medicine. In addition to the medical corpus, historical works provide the backdrop for how, when, and from where these ideas and medicines entered and influenced Chinese medical practice. Examining the historical texts and the information pertaining to medical exchange can allow us to better understand how foreign cultures and practices of medicine along the Silk Road entered and influenced Chinese Medicine.
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Historical background of Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica) p. 32
Dongfang Yang, Xingliang Yang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_8_19  
The compilation of Compendium of Materia Medica by Li Shizhen is the product of both his great dream of writing and years of diligent work and it was also all round related to the historical times when he lived. At that time, the appreciation from the Emperor, competitive publication of medical works by the state kings and the rapid developments in medicine in the Ming dynasty all contributed to the establishment of a solid foundation for the success of Compendium of Materia Medica. This paper explored the contributing factors of the great work from a perspective of the historical environment.
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Historical evolution of traditional medicine in Japan p. 36
Gensheng Zhu, Huan Yan, Liyun Chen, Yijun Ren, Guixiang Chu
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_10_19  
Traditional Japanese Medicine originated from traditional Chinese medicine and was first introduced to Japan directly from the mainland of China or the Korean Peninsula. After its dissemination, integration, adaption, and development in Japan for generations, it had evolved into Kampo medicine with Japanese characteristics and taken a leading role in Japanese medical practice. In history, there appeared successively schools such as Followers of Later Developments in Medicine, Followers of Classic Methods, Integrated School, and School of Textual Research. After Meiji Restoration, Kampo medicine experienced a tremendous impact by western medicine. However after World War II, with unremitting endeavors from learned scholars, traditional Japanese medicine was revived again.
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Maqianzi (马钱子Strychnos), A poisonous medicinal native to the Western Regions p. 44
Yiwen Yang, Baican Yang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_11_19  
Maqianzi (马钱子Strychnos) is also called “Fanmubie (番木鳖),” “Kushi (苦实)” and “QianJi drug (牵机药).” The alias “Fanmubie” shows its origin and its characteristics. The name of “Kushi” implies its taste and flavor. “Qianji Drug vividly shows the clinical manifestations of the poisoning of Maqianzi. The name of “Maqianzi” is the comprehensive display of its characteristic, toxicity, etc., Maqianzi is famous for its poison, which is often used in the treatment of various intractable diseases. It shows the poison Culture in the Western Regions, meanwhile it also displays the unique charm of Traditional herbs in transforming poison into treasure.
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CASE REPORT Top

Chinese guqin music and calligraphy for treating symptoms of primary insomnia p. 48
Miranda M Y Fung, Henry S R Kao, Stewart P W Lam, Tin Tin Kao
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_15_19  
Purpose: To investigate the intervention effects of using traditional Chinese Guqin music and Chinese Calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for patients with Primary Insomnia. Methods: A total of ninety patients were assigned to control group, Guqin group, and calligraphy group for 8 weeks. For 5 days a week, patients' heart rate variability (HRV) and frontal midline (FZ) electroencephalographic signals were recorded in a clinic during interventional period while either listening to Guqin music or writing calligraphy. Patients in the control group remained in rest condition. Results: For the Guqin group, the higher low-frequency-range HRV of coherence was found with marginal significance (P = 0.055), and heart rate was significantly reduced (P < 0.05) during the 4th week in listening to Guqin music compared to the prerest period. For listening to Guqin music or calligraphy intervention, FZ δ, FZ θ, and FZ α waves in the 8th week compared to the 0th week (Pre Intervention) showed a significantly enhanced effect (P < 0.05). Between the three groups, for heart rate and FZ δ and FZ θ waves, calligraphy group showed significantly increased heart rate than the Guqin group (P < 0.001)and the control group (P = 0.004); increased FZ δ wave than the Guqin group (P < 0.001) and the control group (P < 0.001); and increased FZ θ wave than the Guqin group (P = 0.024) and the control group (P = 0.008) respectively. Conclusion: Positive intervention effects on HRV coherence of Guqin music; FZ δ, FZ θ, and FZ α waves of Guqin music and calligraphy proved that Guqin music together with calligraphy training helping to promote physical and mental health, thereby it contributes to the clinical application of TCM Psychology for patients with insomnia syndrome.
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