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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-March 2020
Volume 3 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-53

Online since Friday, March 27, 2020

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RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Homeopathic medicine versus traditional chinese medicine: An analytical overview Highly accessed article p. 1
Sheikh Faruque Elahee, Huijuan Mao, Fatema Zohra, Sheikh Muhammad Bin Faruque, Xueyong Shen
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_7_20  
Conventional homeopathy and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are two popular alternative systems of medicine, which are practiced also in many countries outsidethe countries of origin. Homeopathy originated in Germany in the 19th century and spread throughout the world in spite of antagonism by theorthodox practitioners. It is a holistic medicine based on the principles of treatment where the remedy and the disease have similar symptoms,applies a single potentized medicine at a time, in minimum dose. TCM, also a holistic medicine originating in ancient China about 3000 years ago, has been developed and practiced through centuries till today as one of the most popular alternative medicines in the world. Both the systems ofmedicine have many differences in theories, principles and practices, but they have some important aspects in common. Both are holistic in approach,treating the whole patient, not the affected organs only; focusing on stimulating the intrinsic life principle to bring order, and on homeostasis and balance in the organism. In therapeutics, they may advantageously be applied as adjuvant to each other, producing synergistic effects.
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Development ideas for the multidisciplinary integrative diagnosis and treatment system of pelvic floor medicine p. 10
Haidong Wang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_47_19  
With the rapid growth of the aging population, pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) has become a new type of high-incidence disorder. This disorder can be caused by injury, functional deterioration, or coordination disorders of pelvic support structures, such as pelvic floor muscles, connective tissues, and pelvic floor muscle fiber. The symptoms can include dyssynergic defecation, fecal incontinence, overactive bladder, urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, hemorrhoids, sexual dysfunction, chronic urinary retention, and chronic pelvic pain. PFD often presents itself as a combination of symptoms involving urological, gynecological, anorectal, and psychological aspects. Under such circumstances, the development of multidisciplinary integrative diagnosis for PFD has become a trend.
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

Tacit knowledge mining: The key traditional chinese medical inheritance p. 15
Xu Lan, Junnan Zhao, Ying Zhang, Yao Chen, Yaru Yan, Yue Liu, Fengqin Xu
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_2_20  
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a treasure of traditional Chinese culture and a gift to the world. TCM tacit knowledge refers to the knowledge and experiences formed in the process of learning and practice of TCM. The objective of this study is to discuss the importance of TCM tacit knowledge in the inheritance and education of TCM. As the essence of the TCM, TCM tacit knowledge has the characteristics of massive, complicated, relativistic, highly individualized, constantly innovative, the dependence of cultural background and the regional environment, as well as difficult to explicate. It exists in every aspect of the TCM theory and the process of dialectical treatment. Besides the traditional master-apprentice, family-based, school-based, and inheritance and education methods, together with the inheritance based on the books, images, and network platforms, in the process of TCM modernization, a variety of modern theoretical models and computing techniques have also been used in the mining of the TCM tacit knowledge. In this study, we introduced the usage of SECI model, complexity adaptive system, latent variable model, and some of the data mining technologies in the TCM tacit knowledge mining. An accurate and efficient inheritance of TCM tacit knowledge is the key to maintain the vitality and innovative development of TCM. Under the reasonable application and combination of the traditional education methods, modern mining methods, and further the artificial intelligence, the explicit and inheritance of TCM tacit knowledge will get tremendous development, and it could extremely improve the efficiency and accuracy of the TCM inheritance and the TCM modernization.
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Analogous systems principles and concepts of traditional chinese medicine and congruence couple therapy p. 22
Bonnie K Lee
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_3_20  
This article explicates the analogous principles and concepts between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and congruence couple therapy (CCT). Although originating out of vastly different times and places, TCM and CCT share a view of health based on systems understanding to facilitate the interconnections of the parts of an organism rather than focusing on eliminating symptoms. Both approaches aim to release Qi(气) and vitality by removing blockages through adjusting the interactions, adaptation, and balance of multiple elements and Yin-Yang energies. The goal is to liberate the Qi or life force through improved holistic balance and cooperation. While TCM focuses on interventions at the level of the body, CCT focuses on the attention, awareness, acknowledgement, and alignment of the four human dimensions consisting of the intrapsychic, interpersonal, intergenerational, and universal-spiritual. In light of the current trend toward increasing mental, substance use, and neurological disorders, in particular among countries of middle and low income, dialogue to explore these compatibilities between TCM and CCT is conducive to the continuous evolution of TCM and Western therapies to address not only physical health but also the exigencies of contemporary addiction and mental health care within a mind–body relationship matrix.
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Extract and simple explanation on the principles of taiji studies p. 29
Feng Xu, Bin Xiao, Weili Qian
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_10_20  
Taiji studies are a field of study that has its roots in the philosophical thought of the Yi Jing or Book of changes. It integrates the self-cultivation traditions of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism, and centers its academic system mostly on the perspective of the “states view” (jing jie guan). From the standpoint of its philosophical theory, Taiji studies divide the understanding of Dao into three theoretical states: the state of existence (you jie), the state of existence-nonexistence (you wu jie), and the state of nonexistence (wu jie). It also establishes a theoretical structure that mainly includes “three states and nine axioms,” “One Dao and Nine theory sections,” and “Three practice levels and Nine secrets.”Based on traditional Chinese culture and philosophy, Taiji studies are continuously integrating the essence of them for better understanding and raising, and finally set up a rational school of Taiji Da Dao.
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Acupuncture mechanism, applications, and future development p. 33
Jiayao Qu
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_1_20  
Researches about ancient needling, technique, have been made for many decades, whereas the results are discrepant. People tried to use modern science to explore thoroughly about the real structure of acupuncture functions. Much more progress has been made than the last century. This review summarized some of the most prevailed theories about the mechanisms of acupuncture and their common applications. And lastly, this article discussed the future development for acupuncture.
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NEWS AND VIEWS Top

What can western medicine relearn from chinese medicine? p. 39
Peter Emanuel Petros
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_8_20  
The article begins with a short review of similarities between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and original Hippocratic medicine. Both were holistic, and taking every aspect contributing to illness into account, both followed the dictum, “ first do no harm.” A key difference between the two, even 2400 years ago, was the Hippocratic emphasis on scientific medicine. The explosion of science and technology in the latter half of the 2nd century was applied to Western medicine, which became ever more complex, specialized, and reductionist, losing much of its original holism. The strength of TCM is its holistic approach and techniques such as acupuncture, so necessary for the management for patients who have chronic illnesses such as pain for which Western medicine has few answers.
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How to become a good healer in Chinese medicine? p. 44
Udo Lorenzen
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_4_20  
Today, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a relatively new product of the People's Republic of China. About 1950 Chairman Mao aimed atthe standardization and simplification of many traditional medical schools to guarantee a stable health care for the population. As academic exchange between east and west increased during the last 60 years, TCM appears today more and more as the “real” and “old” Chinese medicine. But is that really the case? There is a famous saying in China: Medicine is also idea (医者意也 Zhe Yi Ye), so what are the ideas about a good healer? In my article I try to find it out. Searching through the old classical books, there are some good ideas about a good healer, especially in the Ling Shu (《灵枢》 Spiritual Pivot). The root of all is the spirit (神 Shen). There are many other requirements to be a good healer, but without a stable Shen, no treatment can really touches the cause of the disease!
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Understanding of He Hongfang's Prescription (何鸿舫方) p. 47
Jin Quan
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_13_20  
He Hongfang (何鸿舫), a medical scholar in the Qing Dynasty, was the 24th descendant of He's family in Jiangnan Region. He was famous in Shanghai during the reign of Tongzhi and Guangxu for his medicine and calligraphy. This article introduces two frames of prescriptions of He Hongfang in the Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine for appreciation.
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CASE REPORT Top

Misdiagnosis features of ancient clinical records based on apriori algorithm p. 50
Ling Yu
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_12_20  
Objective: To analyze misdiagnosis features in clinical cases of “Classified Medical Cases of Famous Physicians” and “Supplement to Classified Case Records of Celebrated Physicians.” Materials and Methods: Two hundred and five ancient misdiagnosed cases were analyzed in aspects of locations (exterior-interior type, qi-blood type and Zang-Fu organs type) and patterns (heat-cold type and deficiency-excess type) by Apriori Algorithm Method. Results: The main types of misdiagnosis in those medical casesare as follows:: Zang-Fu location misjudgment, misjudging the interior as the exterior, misjudging deficiency pattern as excess pattern, and misjudging cold pattern as heat pattern. Among them, the most outstanding type is the misjudgment of deficiency–cold pattern as excess–heat pattern. Conclusions: (1) Accurate judgment of location and differentiation of deficiency and excess patterns are the key points in diagnosing the diseases correctly. The confusion of true deficiency–cold and pseudo-excess–heat pattern should be taken seriously. (2) Data mining on ancient clinical cases offers a new methodology for assisting clinical diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine.
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