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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
October-December 2018
Volume 1 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 103-154

Online since Tuesday, January 8, 2019

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REVIEW ARTICLES  

Brief history of Chinese medicine in France Highly accessed article p. 103
Marc Mezard
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_35_18  
In the 17th century, Chinese medicine appeared in France; since then, it never stopped evolving and is applied by French practitioners. Today, acupuncture is widely used in clinic treatment in France.
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The history of traditional Chinese medicine in Britain, c.1750-2018 p. 108
Christopher Ryan Pearse Cavin
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_36_18  
This paper discusses the genesis and transference of Traditional Chinese Medicine from China and Asia to Europe. It looks specifically at the ways in which TCM was initially discovered and how it reach medical circles in Europe. It also looks at the reasons why it became popular in the historical context and specifically at the presence of TCM in Britain. Finally, this paper briefly traces the booms and slumps in the popularity of TCM and its place in modern medical practices in the Uk and Europe.
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Historical figures promoting the communication of Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica) in Japan p. 112
Min Zhou
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_43_18  
Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica) written by Li Shizhen (李时珍) was first introduced to Japan in the early 17th century and played an important role in the development of Japanese Material Medica and natural history in the Edo period. Tokugawa Ieyasu (德川家康), a shogun general, and Hayashi Razan (林罗山), a famous Confucianist in the Edo period, first recommended Ben Cao Gang Mu in Japan. Then, there emerged more scholars at herbal medicine in Japan who studied and taught Ben Cao Gang Mu through family teaching and master-apprenticeship training. Among them, the work of scholars such as Kaibara Ekiken (贝原益轩), Okamoto Ippou (冈本一抱), Matsuoka Gentatsu (松冈玄达), Ono Ranzan (小野蘭山), Iwasaki Kan-en (岩崎灌园), and Maeda Toshiyasu (前田利保) is of great significance to promote the wide communication and acceptance of Ben Cao Gang Mu in the Edo period in Japan. The rise of the Ben Cao Gang Mu in Japan fueled the development of Japanese herbal science and natural history to a new level.
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Li shizhen and the spirit of investigation of things and the extension of knowledge p. 116
Ruixian Zhang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_41_18  
Li Shizhen was a Ming Dynasty physician and was greatly influenced by the New-Confucian beliefs of the time. Although Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica) is a monograph on medicine, its purpose is “to investigate things.” The best way to get to know historical figures is to restore facts.
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Cupping, the past and present application p. 121
Xun Lin, Hon Foong Wong, Shih Chau Ng
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_37_18  
Cupping is a therapy in which a cup is applied to the skin surface to cause local congestion through negative pressure. It has a long history in many places such as China, Greece, Egypt, and the Middle East. The ancient Chinese used animal horns as their cupping instrument, whereas in modern days there are a wide variety of choices ranging from bamboo cup to glass cup. Cupping is simple, inexpensive and yet has wide indications. Research has shown that it can promote blood circulation, stimulate nerve and muscle functions. In terms of application methods, fire cupping, liquid cupping and vaccum cupping were discussed. The five application techniques (flashing, retaining, moving, needle retention and bleeding) and precautions of cupping are also discussed in detail. Lastly, pathological reactions observed during the cupping process can be used to support Chinese Medicine diagnosis.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Hua Tuo's Wu Qin Xi (Five Animal Frolics) movements and the logic behind it p. 127
Saša Balaneskovic
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_32_18  
The key proposition of this hypothesis is logic behind the order of movements of Hua Tuo's qigong Wu Qin Xi (Five animal frolics). To date, there were many discussions about connection of the movements of Wu Qin Xi with existing TCM theories and why Hua Tuo made it in that particular way. Some experts are saying that there is no connection but if all stories of Hua Tuo's abilities and knowledge were half-truth, he wouldn't let even the order of movements of qigong that he created be just a random order. Hypothesis is exploring different views on Taiji movement direction, Wu Xing and connection between animals in Wu Qin Xi, Lo Shu square and Sun wheel and proposing possible solution to the question “Why Hua Tuo made such order of animals in Wu Qin Xi?” by analyzing and and cross referencing the common ground between theories and bridging the gap the we were left without any written explanation from the master itself. Further progress and confirmation of this hypothesis requires deeper research and cooperation between Qigong expert historians.
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Medical relics related to Li Shizhen collected in Shanghai Museum Of Traditional Chinese Medicine p. 135
Hong Qin, Jun Han, Jin Quan
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_39_18  
This article introduces various editions of Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica) and displays or collects in the Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), along with many other works on the study of Li Shizhen. Li Shizhen is not only a distinguished physician and pharmacist in the Ming dynasty of China but also a great scientist in human history. The most prominent contribution Li had made was sorting and developing the traditional Chinese herbal medicine, with the compilation of Ben Cao Gang Mu (《本草纲目》Compendium of Materia Medica), which represented the highest level of pharmaceutical development of TCM from a new starting line.
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Frankincense, a special spice walking along the silk road p. 138
Tianwen Yao, Baican Yang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_38_18  
Frankincense is also called “Fumigated land,” “Horsetail spice,” and “Godsend spice.” The alias “Fumigated land” shows its strong fragrance that can cover the whole land. The name of “Horsetail spice” implies its morphologic characteristics and mild effects, and another name of “Godsend spice” indicates its functions of relieving swelling and pain, healing sore, and growing muscle, as if it is the grace donated by God. The name of “Frankincense” displays its complex productive progress. With thick quality and strong fragrance, frankincense acts as daily supplies for religious activities and folk activities due to its low price and a wide range of uses in medicine and daily life. Frankincense shows the infinite charm of spice culture along the Silk Road from the distant Western Regions to the East. At the same time, it enriches the treasure house of traditional Chinese medicine and becomes one of the most popular spices in both eastern and western, nobility and common.
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The cream formula on winter solstice p. 141
Zhang Ruqing
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_40_18  
This study introduces the application of cream formula in Traditional Chinese medicine. When the phase of Yin extremity comes, yang qi starts to generate itself. Winter solstice is the optimum period for the application of cream formula. Formula refers to the thick liquid further simmered from medical decoction to benefit and nourish the human body and rectify imbalance to cure diseases, which can achieve excellent effect on not only health preservation, body strengthening, and sub-optimal conditioning but also recuperative care of chronic diseases.
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Hanzi: A key to traditional Chinese medicine p. 144
Anwen Zheng
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_34_18  
Owing to a similar way of thinking, visualized thought, a close link between Hanzi and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been set up at the very beginning of the ancient Chinese culture. Both Hanzi and TCM had undergone many ups and downs before they were firmly established in Chinese lives. Instead of being phased out, Hanzi and TCM have been successfully reinvigorated and can meet the challenge of the information technology-dependent modern society.
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Series of interpretation on Yellow Emperor'S Internal Classic (III): Unity of spirit and body: Views from Huang Di Nei Jing (《黄帝内经》Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic) p. 147
Qingqi Wang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_42_18  
Human life activities are inevitably affected by the surrounding environment , such as natural and social environment. It is the basic principle of TCM to set a series of medical practice activities. TCM believes that the social environment has an inestimable influence on the mind and body of human beings. This study introduces the unity of spirit and body in traditional Chinese medicine.
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CASE REPORT Top

The influence of health qigong on the subjectively expressed psychophysical state of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, rheum, osteoporosis, osteopenia p. 150
Ilinka Acimovic
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_33_18  
This study assesses the impact of exercise on the health of the Qigong (Jibengong, Health Qigong Ba Duan Jin and Health Qigong Yi Jin Jing) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatism, osteoporosis, osteopenia. Through the given questionnaire we have come up with data showing how and how much health qigong affects the patients with rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatism, osteoporosis, osteopenia according to the subjective assessment.
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