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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-March 2021
Volume 4 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-69

Online since Wednesday, March 31, 2021

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RESEARCH ARTICLES  

Premodern intercultural communication by reanalyzing the phrase “Da yi jing cheng (大医精诚)” p. 1
Jing Su
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_7_21  
Culture is suid, not static. When one culture meets and blends with another, Western academic circles tend to use cultural hybridity to express a mixed state of culture. By reanalyzing the classic texts in relation to “Da Yi Jing Cheng (大医精诚)”, tracing the evolution of traditional medical ethics in history, and combining the knowledge of cultural hybridity, this paper suggests that cultural hybridity is not applicable to the discussion on the phenomenon of intercultural communication in the era before the rise of national states and modernity. A new discourse is needed to express intercultural integration, one that breaks through Western values and embodies the characteristics of Asian civilization. Civilization exchange and mutual learning can become the ideal model of intercultural communication under the background of the “Belt and Road Initiative”.
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A survey of the history and applications of American ginseng (西洋参) p. 12
Nisma Lena Bahaji Azami, Qun Yu, Yun- Shen
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_41_20  
American ginseng (Panax Quinquefolium L), also known as Xi Yang Shen (西洋参 Radix Panacis Quinquefolii), is indigenous to the United States and Canada. Its discovery in the 1700s paved the way for international trade, which boosted the economy of the New World and helped build commercial ties between the US and China. Due to its therapeutic effects, the demand for American ginseng grew steadily, eventually causing the volume of wild ginseng to dwindle. As a result, laws and regulations were introduced requiring farmers and exporters to engage in harvesting practices that would preserve wild American ginseng. Nowadays, wild American ginseng is considered an endangered and protected species. This article discusses the history, properties, and applications of American ginseng to optimize its use and protection.
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“Focusing on treating the spirit (神)” in acupuncture and moxibustion: The dialectical unity of regulating the body and the spirit p. 19
Bing- Li Chen, Qian Fan, Li- Xin Guan, Wen- Guang Hou, Yue- Lai Chen
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_44_20  
”Focusing on treating the spirit (神)” is an important principle in acupuncture and moxibustion. It is a unique psychosomatic therapy involving the doctor and the patient, which includes regulating the spirit and the body. Traditional Chinese medicine attaches great importance to it. Focusing on treating the spirit is also a component of the standards of medical ethics. Only when doctors have noble medical ethics can they achieve clinical treatment of the mind and give full play to their skills to cure diseases. Focusing on treating the spirit runs through the entire clinical process of acupuncture and moxibustion. Before the treatment, it is necessary to focus on the spirit to distinguish the spirit and qi. During the treatment, attention should be paid to the mind to regulate the spirit and qi. It is the premise of clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion and the key to the curative effect. Focusing on treating the spirit is also in the realm of doctor-patient double treatment, which requires doctor-patient communication before treatment and the preservation of the body and spirit after treatment. Therefore, concentration of the mind is the key to acupuncture and moxibustion treatment.
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SPECIAL SECTION ON EPIDEMIC DISEASES Top

Taking proactive action: Introduction to the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 with traditional Chinese medicine p. 25
Jian- Nan Qiu, Hong- Yong Deng
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_4_21  
Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has fully displayed its strength and specialty and has played an important role in the prevention and treatment of the pandemic. Faced with the unexpected development of the pandemic, the Chinese government has responded quickly and attached great importance to the effect of TCM. Comprehensive therapy integrating Chinese and Western medicine has achieved remarkable success. To summarize and introduce the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 with TCM, this article covers the perspectives of policy guideline issue, clinical diagnosis participation, and scientific research progress.
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Theory of fighting the epidemic with traditional Chinese medicine qigong (气功) therapy p. 31
Dan Zhao
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_3_21  
Qigong (气功) therapy is an active self-paced exercise therapy and it has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). As early as the mention of it in the Huang Di Nei Jing (《黄帝内经》 Huangdi's Internal Classic), there is a record of using qigong therapy to prevent and treat pestilence. This thesis discusses the idea and methods of qigong therapy in TCM, such as daoyin (导引), expiration and inspiration, and meditation. These methods purpose to have the functions of strengthening and consolidating the primordial qi, improving health conditions, and resisting pestilent qi. Therefore, the core idea of fighting the epidemic with qigong therapy is to enhance the healthy qi, and to prevent the intrusion of pestilent qi into the human body. It embodies the TCM thought of “when there is sufficient healthy qi inside the body, the evil cannot invade the body.”
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REVIEW ARTICLES Top

The introduction and localisation of traditional Chinese medicine in Malaysia p. 37
Shin- Wei Lee, Hai- Li
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_2_21  
This thesis discusses how traditional Chinese medicine was introduced to Malaysia. History records show that traditional Chinese medicine was first introduced to Malaysia in the year 1405 while 1796 saw the establishment of Malaysia's first Chinese medicine shop. With the popularization of Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine education and organizations were established. Traditional Chinese Medicine has gradually been recognized by the Malaysian government due to the efforts of the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. In 2004, the Traditional and Complementary Medicine Department was established at the prestigious National Cancer Institute to improve quality of life as well as provide opportunities for cure to cancer patients.
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Application of traditional Chinese medicine in treating COVID-19 p. 46
Meng- Cheng Liu, Hong- Yun Gao
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_5_21  
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been applied to the treatment of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). In the epidemic, COVID-19 patients were treated through integrated TCM and Western medicine. The effect was remarkable, especially in the treatment of mild COVID-19 cases. This paper introduces several TCM treatments to COVID-19, put forward by both domestic and foreign scholars.
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NEWS AND VIEWS Top

Talking about hot flashes (潮热) p. 50
Anna Bogachko Holmblad
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_6_21  
Women worldwide are dealing with hot flashes (潮热), a perimenopausal feature that is often tiring, embarrassing, and energetically draining. Conventionally, Chinese medicine defines hot flashes as Kidney-yin deficiency and its clinical manifestations include red face, sweating, hot sensations in the palms and soles, mouth and nose dryness, constipation, insomnia, lumbar soreness, knee weakness, red tongue, etc. To obtain a broader perspective and understand the dynamics of hot flashes, we examined the mechanisms behind hot flashes based on both the knowledge from ancient Chinese medicinal texts, as well as novel research findings of Chinese and Western medicine. This perspective was the foundation for the acupuncture study of our traditional Chinese medicine conducted in 2018–2019 in Shanghai. This study, designed as a pragmatic randomized control trial with two parallel groups, focused on regulating and unblocking conception and governor vessels. The results confirmed that our acupuncture method could effectively reduce both the frequency and severity of hot flashes and improve life quality of middle-aged women.
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The importance of adopting leadership concepts in communicating medicinal culture of Chinese medicine in the Western world p. 58
Tina Wu
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_8_21  
Cultures are beliefs, knowledge, and languages people use to communicate with others. In the same rationale, the communication between Chinese and Western medicinal cultures is the communication between two medicinal beliefs, knowledge, and languages. In this article, the key components of Chinese and Western cultures will be discussed to lay the foundations for better communication of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in the Western world. Besides the discussion of similarities and differences between the two cultures, the potential of being complementary to each other in practices will be explored. Moreover, in this article, using key leadership skills to enable better communication and practices of TCM in the Western world will be examined as well.
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Content features of medical journal Zhong Xi Yi Xue Bao (《中西医学报》 The International Medical Journal) during the Republican period and its impact on medicine p. 66
Hai- Feng Cao, Li- Li Wang
DOI:10.4103/CMAC.CMAC_9_21  
As a medical journal during the republican period, Zhong Xi Yi Xue Bao (《中西医学报》 The International Medical Journal) was characterized by rich and popular content, wide range of knowledge, and better popularization. It had played an important role in spreading modern Western medicine and popularizing medical knowledge in China, promoted the development of modern Chinese medicine and its integration with Western medicine, thus provided essential research value and far-reaching influence for medical science.
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