Chinese Medicine and Culture

: 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47--49

Understanding of He Hongfang's Prescription (何鸿舫方)

Jin Quan 
 Department of Preservation and Research, Shanghai TCM Museum, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China

Correspondence Address:
Associate Prof. Jin Quan
Department of Preservation and Research, Shanghai TCM Museum, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai


He Hongfang (何鸿舫), a medical scholar in the Qing Dynasty, was the 24th descendant of He's family in Jiangnan Region. He was famous in Shanghai during the reign of Tongzhi and Guangxu for his medicine and calligraphy. This article introduces two frames of prescriptions of He Hongfang in the Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine for appreciation.

How to cite this article:
Quan J. Understanding of He Hongfang's Prescription (何鸿舫方).Chin Med Cult 2020;3:47-49

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Quan J. Understanding of He Hongfang's Prescription (何鸿舫方). Chin Med Cult [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 19 ];3:47-49
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The original name of He Hongfang (何鸿舫 1821–1889) [Figure 1] was Changzhi (昌治), and later, it was changed to Changzhi (长治). His style name (字) was Buzhi (补之), and pseudonym (号) was Hongfang (鸿舫). Later, he was named as Sick Hong in Hengmao (横泖病鸿) and Medical Hermit of Zhinan (枳南医隐) [Figure 2],[Figure 3],[Figure 4],[Figure 5],[Figure 6].[1] He was from Qingpu (now an area in Shanghai), a medical scholar in the Qing Dynasty, and the 24th descendant of He's family in Jiangnan Region. He was the son of He Shutian, a famous medical doctor. He was good at medical skills with noble morality. He tried to continue his father's book Yi Ren Shi Zhuan (《医人史传》 Historical Biography of Medical Doctors) and Chong Gu San He Yi An (《重固三何医案》 Reconstruction of He's Medical Cases). Later generation also compiled six volumes of Ink Marks of He Hongfang Chronological Prescriptions. He learned ancient Chinese from Yao Chun, a famous scholar. He was the student of Imperial College, good at poems and painting, especially at calligraphy, and famous in Shanghai during the reign of Tongzhi and Guangxu years due to his medicine and calligraphy. He Hongfang learned calligraphy from Yan Pingyuan and Li Beihai. His font was straight, and writing force is strong and vigorous. Ink Marks of He's prescriptions were both beautiful and unrestrained, resulting from nature, belonging to the art treasures. He's calligraphy is especially excellent. If people get its prescription, they will cherish it as treasures. When Japanese came to Shanghai trying to buy it, one piece of prescription might cost 10 silver coins, at least 4–5 silver coins. At that time, a painting by Qi Baishi only costs 2 Yuan.[2]{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}{Figure 4}{Figure 5}{Figure 6}

Here are two pictures [Figure 7] of Dr. He Hongfang's prescriptions collected at Shanghai Museum of Traditional Chinese Medicine:{Figure 7}

1. Weng, aged 24 years, was diagnosed on November 11 between 17 o'clock and 19 o'clock

Frequent hematemesis, easy to choke and pain in the costal region, hectic fever, rapid pulse.

Collateral injury of the liver and lung. If its onset was not serious on the winter solstice, that might be even worth congratulations.

Raw Huang Qi (生黄芪 Membranous Milkvetch root) 18 gQin Jiao (秦艽 Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae) 21 gYu Zhu (玉竹 Radix Polygonati Officinalis) 6 gYuan Zhi (远志 Radix Polygalae) 0.3 gSheng Di (生地 Radix Rehmanniae) 12 gRaw Bie Jia (生鳖甲 Carapax trionycis) 12 gFresh Shi Hu (鲜石斛 Dendrobium) 12 gRaw Gan Cao (生甘草 Liquoric root) 1.2 gHu Gu Pi (湖骨皮 Cortex lycll) 4.5 gKuan Dong Hua (款冬花 Tussilago farfara) 4.5 gJu Bai (橘白 White Tangerine peel) 3 g.Add two pieces of loquat leaves (dehaired) and four pieces of lotus root.

2. Yan, aged 35 years, May 17 between 17 o'clock to 19 o'clock

Patients could only sleep when deficiency heat was relieved, but the tongue coating was still brown. brown. A weak pulse on the left hand. Body fluid was not moist and was not in good condition.

Lu Dang Shen (潞党参 Lucid Dangshen) 12 gGou Qi Zi (枸杞子 Lycium chinense) 18 gMai Men Dong (麦门冬 Ophiopogon) 18 gFu Shen (茯神 Poria with Hostwood) concocted with cinnabar 18 gZhi Cang Zhu (制苍术 prepared Rhizoma Atractylodis) 4.5 gHuai Niu Xi (怀牛膝 Radix Achyranthes bidentata) 18 gYuan Zhi Rou (远志肉 Radix Polygalae) 3 gFo Shou Gan (佛手柑 Bergamot) 1.2 gDang Gui Shen (当归身 Angelica SINENSIS) 6 gSuan Zao Ren (酸枣仁 Semen Ziziphi Spinosae) 18 gZhi Gan Cao (炙甘草 Prepared Liquorice root) 1.2 gGuang Chen Pi (广陈皮 Citrus Chachiensis Hortorum) 6 gDuan Long Chi (锻龙齿 Forged Fossil teeth) 9 gzAdd thin Sang Zhi (桑枝 Ramulus mori) 12 g and four pieces of lotus root.

In Case 1, the patient frequently suffered from hematemesis and had liver and lung collateral injury. He would have blood deficiency after bleeding; therefore, He used raw Huang Qi as the monarch medicine manifesting that He's prescription for medicine would follow the academic thought of Li Dongyuan (李东垣) and that the root for treating blood syndrome relies on the qi of spleen and stomach. We need to nourish Yin and stop hemostasis on the basis of regulating the spleen and stomach. He used raw Di Huang (生地黄), raw Bie Jia (生鳖甲), and fresh Shi Hu (鲜石斛) to nourish yin and cool the blood and to enrich qi and control blood. He used Gan Cao (甘草) to nourish yin and cool the blood and to supplement qi and control blood. He used Gan Cao and other herbs to harmonize the middle jiao, to help the body to transform its source and to control and stop bleeding. He also used Kuan Dong Hua (款冬花) Pi Pa Ye (枇杷叶) and Yu Zhu (枇杷叶) to resolve phlegm and stop coughing, with lotus root to stop bleeding. At the same time, he combined Huang Qi (黄芪) with Qin Jiao (秦艽) which is pungent in nature to clear wind and dampness. These compatibilities can disperse clear Yang to ascend spleen qi, descend stomach qi and regulate qi of the liver and gallbladder.

In Case 2, the patient suffered from yin blood deficiency and also not restored body fluid after deficiency heat had been cleared. He used Dang Shen as monarch medicine, associated with Dang Gui (当归), Huai Niu Xi (怀牛膝), Gou Qi Zi (枸杞子), and Mai Men Dong (麦门冬) to nourish blood and yin. He used Fu Shen (茯神), Yuan Zhi (远 志), Suan Zao Ren (酸枣仁), and Duan Long Chi (锻 龙齿) to nourish the heart and tranquilize spirit. He used Fo Shou Gan (佛手柑) to regulate qi and clear stagnation, with lotus root to stop bleeding, and Sang Zhi (桑枝) to unblock collateral to prevent blood stagnation.

Application of Chinese Materia Media in He's prescription is clear and specific enough, indicating the principles of syndrome differentiation, which shows the medical ability of Mr. He.

Figures of Collections of Seal Stamps of He Hongfang (何鸿舫印谱) are provided by Prof. He Xinhui (何新惠教授) from Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Translator:Shinwei Lee(李欣薇)

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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